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Vulnerable A large pigeon of the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo, formerly occurring also on Java and in southernmost Burma where it is now apparently extinct. Favours closed-canopy lowland and hill forest with plentiful fig trees. Formerly common, but 80-90% of the forests it originally inhabited have already disappeared due to cutting. In the remaining forest patches, to which access is eased due to constructing of roads, the numbers are strongly declining due to overhunting (the bird is a favourite quarry as it is one of the largest pigeons of the area). The continued habitat destructions and the intense hunting pose serious doubt on the possibilities for long-term survival.
Items in the ZMA - 8 birds:
ZMA 29376 Adult male, undated [Mar 1912-May 1917], Deli, NE Sumatra, Indonesia, coll. L.P. le Cosquino de Bussy, no nr., ex Colonial Institute KI 4716-16-1939, formerly mounted.
ZMA 56883 Adult male, Kualasimpang (04°12'N, 98°03'E), Aceh, N Sumatra, Indonesia, died 2 Nov 1927 in the Amsterdam Zoo, skin.
ZMA 56884-56885 Male & female, [1898-1904], Batangkuis area (c. 03°34'N, 98°50'E), Deli, NE Sumatra, Indonesia, coll. K. Waldeck, presented 23 Dec 1904, skins.
ZMA 56886-56887 Adult males, Apr 1912, Saentis (03°39'N, 98°43'E), Deli, NE Sumatra, Indonesia, coll. L.P. le Cosquino de Bussy 45a & 45b, skins.
ZMA 56888 Adult male, 26 Jan 1920, Sungei Tasik (03°49'N, 98°15'E), Langkat, NE Sumatra, Indonesia, coll. A.F.C.A. van Heijst 0278, skin.
ZMA 56889 Adult female, 4 Aug 1919, Tuntungan (03°22'N, 98°34'E), Deli, NE Sumatra, Indonesia, coll. A.F.C.A. van Heijst 1642, skin.
In 1919-1920, Van Heijst in NE Sumatra found the bird 'undoubtedly very common along the edge of the primary forest, in flocks of 40-50 birds in fruiting Ficus-trees'.
Formerly in the collection was: ZMA no nr., unsexed adult, undated [before 1939], Deli, NE Sumatra, Indonesia, received 25 Sep 1945 from the Colonial Institute KM 4716 (= coll. Mr. E. Tweer, received 24 Nov 1939).
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